.
Annunci online

Christian Religion Articles and News
CULTURA
3 ottobre 2016
"What does it mean that Jesus is the Lamb of God?"
"What does it mean that Jesus is the Lamb of God?" JESUS THE LAMB OF GOD **************************************************************************************************** "What does it mean that Jesus is the Lamb of God?" Answer: When Jesus is called the Lamb of God in John 1:29 and John 1:36, it is referring to Him as the perfect and ultimate sacrifice for sin. In order to understand who Christ was and what He did, we must begin with the Old Testament, which contains prophecies concerning the coming of Christ as a “guilt offering” (Isaiah 53:10). In fact, the whole sacrificial system established by God in the Old Testament set the stage for the coming of Jesus Christ, who is the perfect sacrifice God would provide as atonement for the sins of His people (Romans 8:3; Hebrews 10). The sacrifice of lambs played a very important role in the Jewish religious life and sacrificial system. When John the Baptist referred to Jesus as the “Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29), the Jews who heard him might have immediately thought of any one of several important sacrifices. With the time of the Passover feast being very near, the first thought might be the sacrifice of the Passover lamb. The Passover feast was one of the main Jewish holidays and a celebration in remembrance of God’s deliverance of the Israelites from bondage in Egypt. In fact, the slaying of the Passover lamb and the applying of the blood to doorposts of the houses (Exodus 12:11-13) is a beautiful picture of Christ’s atoning work on the cross. Those for whom He died are covered by His blood, protecting us from the angel of (spiritual) death. Another important sacrifice involving lambs was the daily sacrifice at the temple in Jerusalem. Every morning and evening, a lamb was sacrificed in the temple for the sins of the people (Exodus 29:38-42). These daily sacrifices, like all others, were simply to point people towards the perfect sacrifice of Christ on the cross. In fact, the time of Jesus’ death on the cross corresponds to the time the evening sacrifice was being made in the temple. The Jews at that time would have also been familiar with the Old Testament prophets Jeremiah and Isaiah, who foretold the coming of One who would be brought “like a lamb led to the slaughter” (Jeremiah 11:19; Isaiah 53:7) and whose sufferings and sacrifice would provide redemption for Israel. Of course, that person was none other than Jesus Christ, “the Lamb of God.” While the idea of a sacrificial system might seem strange to us today, the concept of payment or restitution is still one we can easily understand. We know that the wages of sin is death (Romans 6:23) and that our sin separates us from God. We also know the Bible teaches we are all sinners and none of us is righteous before God (Romans 3:23). Because of our sin, we are separated from God, and we stand guilty before Him. Therefore, the only hope we can have is if He provides a way for us to be reconciled to Himself, and that is what He did in sending His Son Jesus Christ to die on the cross. Christ died to make atonement for sin and to pay the penalty of the sins of all who believe in Him. It is through His death on the cross as God’s perfect sacrifice for sin and His resurrection three days later that we can now have eternal life if we believe in Him. The fact that God Himself has provided the offering that atones for our sin is part of the glorious good news of the gospel that is so clearly declared in 1 Peter 1:18-21: “For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life handed down to you from your forefathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect. He was chosen before the creation of the world, but was revealed in these last times for your sake. Through him you believe in God, who raised him from the dead and glorified him, and so your faith and hope are in God.” http://www.gotquestions.org/Jesus-Lamb-of-God.html *************************************************************

Tag inseriti dall'utente. Cliccando su uno dei tag, ti verranno proposti tutti i post del blog contenenti il tag. god jesus lamb

permalink | inviato da RAGGIO DI LUCE il 3/10/2016 alle 4:39 | Leggi i commenti e commenta questo postcommenti (0) | Versione per la stampa
letteratura
10 ottobre 2012
PERPETUAL VIRGINITY OF MARY
 
 

PERPETUAL VIRGINITY OF MARY

by Br. Anthony Opisso, M.D.

 

From the earliest biblical days adultery carried with it a sense of defilement, so that a woman who had know contact with another man, even if by force, was considered no longer fit to be visited by her husband (Genesis 49:4; 2 Samuel 20:3, re ibid. 16:21-22; Book of Jubilees 33:6-9; Epstein, Marriage Laws in the Biblical Talmud, p.51).

The deuteronomic code teaches that a woman who is divorced by her husband and thereafter marries another man likewise cannot return to her former husband (Dt 24:1-4). As the Lord said through the prophet Jeremiah: "If a man put away his wife and she goes from him and becomes another man's wife, shall he return to her again, shall not the land (his wife's body) be greatly polluted?" (Jr 3:1; see Targum to Dt 24:1-4).

In rabbinic law a woman who has committed adultery is "defiled" and cannot remain the wife of her husband, but must be divorced (Sifre on Dt, edit. M. Friedman (1864) 270 p. 122b; Sifre on Numbers, edit. M. Friedman (1915) 7 p. 4a and 19 p. 66). Furthermore any intimate male contact by the wife with Jew or gentile, potent or impotent, natural or unnatural makes divorce compulsory (Sotha 26b; Yebamoth 55a, b, 87b; Kethuboth 9a, Babylonian Talmud; Kethuboth 25a; Sotah 27a, Yad, Sotah 2,2, Jerusalem Talmud).

 

 

Betrothed

 

 

The Oral Law of Kiddushin (Marriages and Engagements) states; "The husband prohibits his wife to the whole world like an object which is dedicated to the Sanctuary" (Kiddushin 2b, Babylonian Talmud).

We know from the Gospel of Matthew 1:14 that Joseph the husband of Mary was a righteous man, a devout law-abiding Jew. Having noticed that Mary was pregnant and that he, her betrothed, had nothing to do with the pregnancy, Joseph had either to publicly condemn her and have her put to death for adultery (Dt 22:22-29) or put her away privately.

His decision was made when an angel appeared to him in a dream, saying: "Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary as your wife; for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit; she will bear a son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins" (Mt. 1:20-21). The angel does not use the phrase for marital union: "go in unto" (as in Gn 30:3, 4, 16) or "come together" (Mt 1:18) but merely a word meaning leading her into the house as a wife (paralambano gunaika) but not cohabiting with her.

For when the angel revealed to him that Mary was truly the spouse of the Holy Spirit, Joseph could take Mary, his betrothed, into his house as a wife, but he could never have intercourse with her because according to the Law she was forbidden to him for all time.

 

 

Marriage to the Holy Spirit

 

 

By stating it in those terms the archangel declared to Mary that God would enter into a marital relationship with her, causing her to conceive His Son in her womb, For "to lay one's power (reshuth) over a woman" (Targum to Dt 21:4) was a euphemism for "to have a marital relationship with her."

Likewise "to overshadow" (Lk 1:35) by spreading the "wing" or "cloak" over a woman was another euphemism for marital relations. Thus, the rabbis commented (Midrash Genesis Rabbah 39.7; Midrash Ruth Rabbah 3.9) that Ruth was chaste in her wording when she asked Boaz to have marital relations with her by saying to him "I am Ruth you handmaid, spread therefore your cloak ( literally, "wing": kanaph) over your handmaid for you are my next-of-kin" (Ruth 3:9).

Tallith, another Aramaic-Hebrew word for cloak, is derived from tellal = shadow. Thus, "to spread one's cloak (tallith) over a woman" means to cohabit with her (Kiddushin 18b, see also Mekhilta on Exodus 21:8). Did not the Lord say to His bride Israel: "I am married to you" (Jr 3:14) and "your Maker is your husband"? (Is 54-5:5; Jr 31:32)? And what is more intimate than what the Lord said to His bride: "You developed, you grew, you came to full womanhood; your breasts became firm and your hair grew... you were naked... and I saw that you were now old enough for love so I spread my cloak over you... I gave you My oath, I entered into a covenant with you and you became Mine, says the Lord God" (Ezk 16:7, 8).

 

 

Mary prohibited to Joseph

 

 

Living a celibate life within marriage was not unknown in Jewish tradition. It was told that Moses, who was married, remained continent the rest of his life after the command to abstain from sexual intercourse (Ex 19:15) given in preparation the seventy elders abstained thereafter from their wives after their call, and so did Eldad and Medad when the spirit of prophecy came upon them; indeed it was said that the prophets became celibate after the Word of the Lord communicated with them (Midrash Exodus Rabbah 19; 46.3; Sifre to Numbers 99 sect. 11; Sifre Zutta 81-82, 203-204; Aboth Rabbi Nathan 9, 39; Tanchuman 111, 46; Tanchumah Zaw 13; 3 Petirot Moshe 72; Shabbath 87a; Pesachim 87b, Babylonian Talmud).

 

 

Celibacy according to tradition

 

 

It is well known that the rabbis spoke concerning the obligation of all males to be married and procreated: "He who abstains from procreation is regarded as though he had shed blood" (Rabbi Eliezer in Yebamoth 63b, Babylonian Talmud; see also Shulkhan Aruch (Code of Jewish Law) section Evenhar-Ezer 1:1,3,4). According to Yebamoth 62b, B.T. a man is only half a man without a wife, citing Genesis 5:2 where it is said: "Male and female He (God) created them and blessed them, and called their name Adam (lit. "Man").

Nevertheless, "if a person cleaves to the study of the Torah (i.e., dedicates all his time to it) like Simeon ben Azzai, his refusal to marry can be condoned" (Skulkhan Arukh EH 1:4). Rabbinic scholar Simeon ben Azzai (early second century A.D.) was extraordinary in his learning: "with the passing of Ben Azzai diligent scholars passed from the earth" (Sotah 9:15). He never married and was celibate all his life so as not to be distracted from his studies, and because he considered the Torah his wife, for who he always yearned with all his soul (Yebamoth 63b). He was an outstanding scholar (Kiddushin 20a, B.T.) and also renowned for his saintliness (Berakoth 57b, B.T.).

 

 

Other celibates

 

 

Those in hope of a divine revelation consequently refrained from sexual intercourse and were strict in matters of purity (Enoch 83:2; Revelation 14:2-5).

Philo (Apol. pro Judaeis 1X, 14-17), Josephus, (Antiq. XVIII. 21) and Hipploytus (Philosophumena IX, IV, 28a) wrote on the celibacy of the Jewish Essenes hundreds of years before the discovery of their settlements in Qumran by the Dead Sea.

Philo Judaeus (c. 20 B.C.-50 A.D.), a Jewish philosopher, described Jewish women who were virgins who have kept their chastity not under compulsion, like some Greek priestesses, but of their own free will in their ardent yearning for Wisdom. "Eager to have Wisdom for their life-mate, they have spurned the pleasures of the body and desire no mortal offspring but those immortal children which only the soul that is dear to God can bring forth to birth" (Philo, Cont. 68; see also Philo, Abr. 100).

For "the chaste are rewarded by receiving illumination from the concealed heavenly light" (Zohar 11. 229b-230a). Because "if the understanding is safe and unimpaired, free from the oppression of the iniquities or passions... it will gaze clearly on all that is worthy of contemplation" (Philo, Sob. 1.5). Conversely, "the understanding of the pleasure-loving man is blind and unable to see those things that are worth seeing... the sight of which is wonderful to behold and desirable" (Philo, Q. Gen.IV.245).

 

 

Joseph as celibate caretaker

 

 

We may reasonable assume that Mary herself now shared with him all that the archangel Gabriel said to her. No less a Person than "the Son of God" (Lk 1:35) was to be entrusted to his care under the shelter of his humble home, now become the Holy of Holies.

Jewish tradition mentions that, although the people had to abstain from sexual relations with their wives for only three days prior to the revelation at Mount Sinai (Ex 19:15), Moses chose to remain continent the rest of his life with the full approval of God. The rabbis explained that this was so because Moses knew that he was appointed to personally commune with God, not only at Mount Sinai but in general throughout the forty years of sojourning in the wilderness. For this reason Moses kept himself "apart from woman," remaining in the sanctity of separation to be at the beck and call of God at all times; they cited God's command to Moses in Deuteronomy 5:28 (Midrash Exodus Rabbah 19:3 and 46.3).

Again, we may be sure that Saint Joseph remained celibate all his life because throughout his married years he was in daily attendance and communication with Jesus, the incarnate Word of God.

 

 

 

This article was written by Brother Anthony M. Opisso, M.D., who has been a hermit for the past thirty-one years. He lives in the woods of the Cistercian Abby in Rogersville, New Brunswick. Born in Manila, in the Philippines, he is a physician-surgeon graduate of Loyola University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois (1950). A Scriptural and Rabbinic scholar, he is the author of five books: The Bread of God, The Secret Joy of Repentance, The Revelation of Bethlehem, The Revelation of the Son of Man and The Book of Understanding.

 

 

Copyright (c) 1995 by the Association of Hebrew Catholics. All Righs Reserved. Used by permission. Copies of this article in booklet form may be obtained for $2.00 postpaid from the Association of Hebrew Catholics, P.O. Box 798, Highland, NY 12528 (phone 914-691-6496). Bulk orders of 10 or more copies are available at a discount.

 

 

Return to the main page.

 

http://www.cin.org/users/james/files/talmud.htm

 

http://www.cin.org/users/james/index.htm

 

 

As the recipient of the great revelation that what was conceived in the womb of Mary, his betrothed, was of the Holy Spirit and that the Child to be born was destined to save His people from their sins, surely Joseph knew that he was called to take care of Mary and her Child, the Messiah, for the rest of his life, which is why the angel told him to take Mary as his wife.
Jewish tradition also mentions the celibate Zenu'im (lit. "chaste ones") to whom the secret of the Name of God was entrusted, for they were able to preserve the Holy Name in "perfect purity" (Kiddushin 71a; Midash Ecclesiastes Rabbah 3:11; Yer. yoma 39a, 40a).
Elijah and Elisha were celibate al their lives (Zohar Hadash 2:1; Midrash Mishlei 30, 105, Pirke Rabbi Eliezer 33). When for the sake of the Torah (i.e., intense study in it), a rabbi would abstain from relations with his wife, it was deemed permissible, for he was then cohabiting with the Shekinah (the "Divine Presence") in the Torah (Zohar re Gn 1:27; 13:3 and Psalm 85:14 in the Discourse of Rabbi Phineas to Rabbis Jose, Judah, and Hiya).
Having been enlightened by an angel in a dream regarding her pregnancy, and perhaps further by Mary concerning the words of the archangel Gabriel to her at the Annunciation, Joseph knew that God had conducted himself as a husband in regard to Mary. She was now prohibited to him for all time, and for the sake of the Child and Mary he could only live with her in an absolutely chaste relationship.
We also have to take into consideration that when Mary was told by the archangel Gabriel "Behold, you shall conceive in your womb, and bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus" (Lk 1:31), he also added that this was to come about because "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the Holy one to be born shall be called the Son of God" (Lk 1:35).
In Jewish Law a man betrothed to a woman was considered legally married to her. The word for betrothed in Hebrew is Kiddush, a word that is derived from the Hebrew word Kadash which means "holy" "consecrated," "set apart." Because by betrothal (as in Mt 1:18; Lk 1:27) , or marriage, a woman became the peculiar property of her husband, forbidden to others.

Tag inseriti dall'utente. Cliccando su uno dei tag, ti verranno proposti tutti i post del blog contenenti il tag. mary perpetual virginity

permalink | inviato da RAGGIO DI LUCE il 10/10/2012 alle 17:46 | Leggi i commenti e commenta questo postcommenti (0) | Versione per la stampa
letteratura
10 ottobre 2012
JESUS AND MARY MAGDALENE IN THE GNOSTC GOSPELS
JESUS AND MARY MAGDALENE IN THE GNOSTC GOSPELS
 
 
 
 
 
Analysis of Martino Gerber and Guliano Lattes, biblical scholars
 
*****************************************************
 
 
JESUS IN THE GNOSTIC GOSPELS
 
 
Gnosticism is a philosophical and religious movement which started in pre-Christian times.
The term is derived from the Greek word  "Gnosis" which means  "Knowledge" .
Gnostics claimed to have secret knowledge about God, humanity and the rest of the universe of which the general population was unaware.
Gnosticism consisted of many syncretistic belief systems which combined elements taken from Asian,
Babylonian, Egyptian, Greek and Syrian pagan religions, from astrology, and from Judaism and Christianity.
 
The Gnostic gospels have all been proven to be forgeries invented to create a Gnostic view of Jesus.

The Gnostics believe that Jesus’ physical body was not real, but only “seemed” to be physical,

and that His spirit descended upon Him at His baptism, but left Him just before His crucifixion.

They believed that Jesus was only divine and not human, and according to their Greek dualistic philosophy,

God would never touch flesh, which they deemed was evil.  If Jesus had had sexual relations with a woman,

he couldn’t have been the Son of God, he would have been impure, they are Encratite.

The Encratites prohibited sexual relations and marriage,and practiced a chaste asceticism .

Encratite; sexual continence required for salvation. The word "Encratite" comes from the Greek word enkrateia,

 meaning "continence."

*****************************************************************

MARY MAGDALENE IN THE GNOSTC GOSPELS
 
 
 
1) The Gospel of Peter: Mary is the first to discover Jesus' empty tomb and learn of his resurrection from the angel.

Mary Magdalene appears only on Easter morning, when she and her women friends come to the tomb of Jesus to weep for him.

She is described as “a female disciple [Greek mathetria ] of the Lord” (section 50). At the tomb,

Mary and her friends see an angel who announces the resurrection of Jesus, and they run away frightened (section 56-57).

In the Gospel of Peter we find no evidence whatsoever for a marriage between Mary and Jesus.

But, once again, Mary is portrayed as a female disciple of Jesus.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2) The Gospel of Mary: Mary as a source of secret revelation because of her close relationship to the Savior.

At one point Peter asks, “Sister, We know that the Savior loved you more than the rest of women.

Tell us the words of the Savior which you remember,which you know but we do not nor have we heard them” (section 10).

So Mary reveals what the Lord made known to her in a vision,

and several of the disciples were none too impressed by Mary’s purported insights into heavenly things.

 Andrew responded to her revelation by saying “I at least do not believe that the Savior said this.

For certainly these teachings are strange ideas” (section 17). Then Peter asked, “Did he really speak privately with a woman and not openly to us?

 Are we to turn about and all listen to her? Did he prefer her to us?” But Levi speaks up for Mary, “Peter, you have always been hot-tempered.

Now I see you contending against the woman like the adversaries. But if the Savior made her worthy, who are you indeed to reject her?

Surely the Savior knows her very well. That is why he loved her more than us” (section 18).

 The Savior, who is not called Jesus in The Gospel of Mary, even preferred Mary to the other disciples, loving her more than them.

Mary’s relationship with Jesus has clearly entered a new dimension we have not seen before.

But there is nothing here to suggest that Jesus and Mary were married. Jesus’ love for Mary leads him to reveal special truth to her,

not to take her as his wife. Nothing in The Gospel of Mary points to a  spousal relationship between Jesus and Mary.

--------------------------------------------------------------

 
3) The Gospel of Thomas  :  Mary plays a tiny role in the Gospel of Thomas, asking Jesus a question about the disciples:
 
“Whom are your disciples like?” (section 21).

This is the only place she speaks. She is mentioned at the end of this gospel in a most curious passage, which reads: Simon Peter said to them,

“Let Mary leave us, for women are not worthy of Life.” Jesus said, “I myself shall lead her in order to make her male, so that she too may become a living spirit resembling you males. For every woman who will make herself male will enter the Kingdom of Heaven.” (section 114).

This passage, in its own strange way, does affirm what we already know from the canonical gospels: that Mary was included

among Jesus’ followers and that Jesus himself intentionally included women. Of course in the biblical record he valued them as women,

 not as beings that had eternal value if they became male. Maleness, in this text, should not be understood literally,

but as a symbol of one’s spiritual or divine nature.

In the Gospel of Thomas,  we find no evidence whatsoever for a marriage between Mary and Jesus, Mary is portrayed as a female disciple of Jesus.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Salome in the Gospel of Thomas

61) Jesus said, "Two will rest on a bed: the one will die, and the other will live."
Salome said, "Who are you, man, that you ... have come up on my couch and eaten from my table?"
Jesus said to her, "I am he who exists from the undivided. I was given some of the things of my father."
<...> "I am your disciple."
<...> "Therefore I say, if he is destroyed, he will be filled with light, but if he is divided, he will be filled with darkness."

--------------------------------------------------- 

Salome asks Jesus to tell her who he is: ”Who are you, man, that you have come up on my couch, and eaten from my table?” Jesus answers,

“I come from what is undivided;” that is, from the divine, which transcends gender. He thereby rejects what her question implies, that his identity involves primarily his being male, as hers does being female. Salome instantly understanding what he means, recognizes that the same is true for her.

Thus she immediately answers, “I am your disciple.”

Maleness, in this text, should not be understood literally, but as a symbol of one’s spiritual or divine nature.

--------------------------------------------------------

 Gospel according to the Egyptians

Clement of Alexandria, The Stromata, III.6,45; III.6.66; III.6,92
 
45.... When Salome asked the Lord: "How long shall death hold sway?" he answered: " As long as you women bear children."
66.....For when she says, "I would have done better had I never given birth to a child," the Lord replies to her saying:
"Eat of every plant, but eat not of that which has bitterness in it."

92.... "When Salome ' asked when she would know the answer to her questions, the Lord said,

When you trample on the robe of shame, and when the two shall be one, and the male with the female, and there is neither male nor female."

 
The Gospel of Thomas: (the male and female one)
 
 (section 22)And if you make the male and female one, so that the male is no longer male .... the two shall be one, and the male with the female,
and there is neither male nor ...

(section106) Jesus said, "When you make the two one, you will become the sons of man, and when you say, 'Mountain, move away,' it will move away."

The Gospel of Thomas and the Gospel according to the Egyptians are the Gnostic  Encratites texts. The Encratites prohibited sexual relations and marriage,

 and practiced a chaste asceticism .
 
---------------------------------------------
To make you understand the meaning of "the male and female one"
here is a step of 2 Clement:
 
2Clem 12:5
And by the male with the female, neither male nor female, he
meaneth this; that a brother seeing a sister should have no thought
of her as a female, and that a sister seeing a brother should not
have any thought of him as a male.
2Clem 12:6
These things if ye do, saith He, the kingdom of my father shall come.
 
The Second Epistle of Clement or 2 Clement is an apocryphal New Testament pseudo-text
attributed to the Bishop of Rome Clement (88-97), written in greek between 130 and 160.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

In the Gospel of Thomas, and Gospel according to the Egyptian, we find no evidence whatsoever for a marriage between Salome and Jesus, Salome is portrayed as a female disciple of Jesus.

------------------------------------------------------
 

4) The Gospel of Philip: is a  Valentinian belief system.It is not a gospel in any ordinary sense,

but rather a collection of theological observations written from a Gnostic point of view.

Some but not all of these observations mention Jesus. Two passages refer to Mary Magdalene, who plays a tiny role in this gospel.

The first of these passages reads:

(section 36)

 There were three Mariams who walked with the Lord at all times: his mother and [his] sister and (the) Magdalenethis one who is called his Companion. Much has been insinuated about the word companion, which, in the Greek original is koinonos.

Thus his (true) Mother and Sister and Mate is (also called) Mariam’. ]

 

 But, contrary to the wishful thinking of some, this word doesn’t mean spouse or sexual consort.

 It means “partner”, and is used several times in the New Testament with this ordinary meaning

(for example, when Paul refers to himself as Philemon’s koinonos in the Philemon 1:17).

 According to Valentinian tradition, Mary Magdalene was an important member of this inner circle.

 She is seen as an image of the lower Sophia and is described as Jesus' consort in the Gospel of Philip.

In Refutatio VI: 36,4 (" Christ+Holy Spirit, Soter+Sophia, Jesus+Mary Magdlene").

The second passage in The Gospel of Philip that concerns Mary is the most suggestive:

(section 59)

[The wisdom which (humans) call barren is herself the Mother of the Angels. And the companion of the (Christ) is Mariam the Magdalene.

The (Lord loved) Mariam more than (all the (other) Disciples, (and he) kissed her often on her (mouth). The other (women) saw his love for Mariam,

 they say to him: Why do thou love (her) more than all of us? 

 The Savior replied, he says to them: Why do I not love you as (I do) her?]

Follow; (section60)

[(While) a blind (person) and one who sees are both in the dark, they do not differ from one another. When the light comes, then he who sees shall behold the light,

 and he who is blinded shall remain in the darkness.]

 The Gospel of Philip might refer to Jesus kissing Mary, but the manuscript has some holes in at the key point!

Even if we suppose that this passage, which appears in no other document, and which was written two centuries after the biblical gospels,

conveys historically accurate information, the passage itself seems to disprove Jesus’ marriage to Mary.

 Surely if Jesus had been married to Mary then his special affection for her wouldn’t have been an offense.

And surely Jesus could have satisfied the disciples’ question by explaining that Mary was his wife. But he doesn’t do this.

 Instead he explains his special affection for Mary by pointing to her ability to see the light, that is, to have knowledge.

Nothing in this passage suggests that Jesus and Mary were married, even if we read it literally.

Moreover, given what is said elsewhere in The Gospel of Philip about kissing (sections 59), it’s possible that this passage isn’t even

meant to be taken literally. The Gospel of Philip about kissing: (section 35)

 [Grace comes] forth from him thru the mouth, the place where the Logos came forth; (one) was to be nourished from the mouth and to become perfected.

The perfect are conceived thru a kiss and they are born. Therefore we also are motivated to kiss one another

to receive conception from within our mutual grace.]

The text may very well use the metaphor of kissing to say that Jesus revealed truth to Mary.

If this is true, the The Gospel of Philip is consistent with what we have seen elsewhere in the Gnostic gospels.

 Among Christian Gnostics, Valentinians were not as severely ascetic as some sects.

They permitted marriage, although, being of this world, it was necessarily a "marriage of uncleanness" in contrast to the true wedding of spirits.

In the Gospel of Philip ,  we find no evidence whatsoever for a marriage between Mary and Jesus, Mary is portrayed as a female with special insight 

and  disciple of Jesus.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5)The Sophia of Jesus Christ

The Sophia of Jesus Christ is a post-resurrection dialogue between the risen Christ and some of his followers, including Mary.

Twice in this gospel Mary asks questions of Christ, such as “Holy Lord, where did your disciples come from,

 and where are they going, and what should they do here?” (section 114). Mary is not singled out further,

 nor is there a suggestion of a marriage to Jesus.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6)The Pistis Sophia

The Pistis Sophia is  a revelation of Christ in which Mary plays a prominent role, asking the majority of the questions about all measure of esoteric matters.Mary is praised in The Pistis Sophia as one “whose heart is more directed to the Kingdom of Heaven than all [her] brothers” (Chapter 17).

Jesus says that she is “blessed beyond all women upon the earth, because she shall be the pleroma of all Pleromas and the completion of all completions” (section 19). In other words, Mary will have the fullness of knowledge and therefore spiritual life within her.

 So impressed is Jesus with Mary’s spiritual excellence that he promises not to conceal anything from her,

but to reveal everything to her “with certainty and openly” (section 25). She is the blessed one who will

 “inherit the whole Kingdom of the Light” (section 61).From The Pistis Sophia we see the growing interest in Mary among Gnostic Christians,

who valued knowledge (gnosis in Greek) above all.

She has come to be regarded as a source of hidden revelation because of her intimate relationship with Jesus.

Nothing in this gospel suggests a marriage between them, however.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7)The Dialogue of the Savior

The Dialogue of the Savior, is a dialogue between the Savior (never called Jesus or Christ) and some of his disciples, including Mary.

The disciples ask questions about esoteric religious things, and Jesus gives equally esoteric answers.

Although Mary is one of the frequent interrogators of the Savior, at one point she makes an observation. The text explains,

 “This word she spoke as a woman who knew the All” (Section 139). In other words, Mary has special knowledge of spiritual reality.

There is no hint in The Dialogue of the Savior of a marriage between Jesus and Mary (or the Savior and Mary).

 She is seen, once again, as central among the disciples of the Savior, and as a person with special insight.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The  Gnostic texts  do not support the theory that Jesus and Mary were married.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GNOSTIC SECTS AND RITUALISTIC SEX

 In some Gnostic groups ritual  of sex magic appears to have been practiced.

In a later text called the Greater Questions of Mary, a very blasphemous gospel:

"Jesus even in front of Mary Magdalene  has sex with a woman whom he has produced out of his side".

(Epiphanius; Panarion 26.8.2-3)

This text is the only one that speaks of Jesus in this way erotic and blasphemous.
It's not about marriage, but true rite of sacred sex.

 

 ***********************************************************************

Appendix:
The codes and the origin of these Gnostic Gospels:

*1 )The Gospel of Peter

The present fragment was discovered in 1884 in a tomb at Akhmimin Egypt.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *2)The Gospel of Mary is found in the Berlin Gnostic Codex (or Papyrus Berolinensis 8502), .

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

 *3)The gospel of Thomas is a Coptic manuscript discovered in 1945 at Nag Hammadi in Egypt.

Nag Hammadi is a town in northern Egypt where a collection of ancient writings was discovered in 1945.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*4)The Gospe of Philip

The most complete manuscript of the gospel of Philip was discovered in the Nag Hammadi library in Egypt in 1945.

It is written in the Coptic language and is dated to approximately the 4th century A.D.

last of the Docecad was Wisdom, also called Sophia.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 *5)The Sophia of Jesus Christ is yet another Gnostic text discovered in the Egyptian Nag Hammadi Library in 1945.

 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
*6)The Pistis Sophia  (The Askew Codex ), (the text of a Gnostic myth important to the Valentinian belief system)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*7)The Dialogue of the Savior, also written in the second century A.D., Coptic manuscript discovered in 1945 at Nag Hammadi in Egypt. 

*******************************************************************************

Bible version used here is the King James
The Gospel of Philip: www.metalog.org/files/philip.html
 
 
Christian Bible Studies
 
 
 
 

 


Tag inseriti dall'utente. Cliccando su uno dei tag, ti verranno proposti tutti i post del blog contenenti il tag. jesus mary magdalene gnostic gospels

permalink | inviato da RAGGIO DI LUCE il 10/10/2012 alle 17:44 | Leggi i commenti e commenta questo postcommenti (0) | Versione per la stampa
letteratura
10 ottobre 2012
THE REASON WHY THE LORD DID NOT MARRY
THE REASON WHY THE LORD DID NOT MARRY
 
 
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
Clement of Alexandria, The Stromata, III.6.49
 
" Further, they do not know the reason why the Lord did not marry .In the first place he had his own bride, the Church;
and in the next place he was no ordinary man that he should also be in need of some helpmeet after the flesh.
Nor was it necessary for him to beget children since he abides eternally and was born the only Son of God.
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------
 
1) Clement-In the first place he had his own bride, the Church;
 
--------------------------------------
Reason-Jesus has  His bride anyway, the church;
Ephesians 5: 21-33
 
--------------------------------------------------------------
 
2) Clement-he was no ordinary man that he should also be in need of some helpmeet after the flesh.
 
Reason-Jesus reveals His divine qualities,  He teaches that He is the Bread that came down from heaven;
 
John 6: 51
 
51 I am the living bread which has come down from heaven.
Anyone who eats this bread  will live for ever; and the bread that I shall give is my flesh, for the l life of the world.’
 
---------------------------------------------------
 
Jesus makes His divine nature  to be known  by  His Apostles, before the resurrection, in  the transfiguration;
Matthew 17: 1-5
 
1 Six days later,  Jesus took with him Peter and  James and his brother  John and led them up a high mountain by themselves.
2 There in their presence he was transfigured: his face shone like the sun and his clothes became as dazzling as light.
3 And suddenly  Moses and  Elijah appeared to them; they were talking with him.
4 Then Peter spoke to Jesus. ‘Lord,’ he said, ‘it is wonderful for us to be here; if you want me to,
I will make three shelters here, one for you, one for  Moses and one for Elijah.’
5 He was still speaking when suddenly a bright cloud covered them with shadow, and suddenly from the cloud there came a voice which said,
‘This is my Son, the Beloved; he enjoys my favour. Listen to him.’
 
----------------------------------------
Jesus teaches that He is the Light;
 
John  8: 12
 
 
12 When Jesusspoke to the people again, he said: I am the light of the world; anyone who follows me  will not be walking in the dark,
 but will have the light of life.
--------------------------------------------------------------
 
Jesus claims to be the Way, Truth and Life:
 
John 14: 6
 
6 Jesus said: I am the Way; I am  Truth and Life. No one can come to the Father except through me.
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
3) Clement-Nor was it necessary for him to beget children since he abides eternally and was born the only Son of God.
 
 
Reason-We see that Jesus was not born from a marriage union, but  through the Holy Spirit;
 
Matthew 1: 20-21
 
 
20 He had made up his  mind to do this when suddenly the  angel of the  Lord appeared to him in a dream and said,
 ’Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take  Mary home as your wife, because she has conceived what is in her by the Holy Spirit.
21 She  will give birth to a son and you must name him Jesus, because he is the one who is to save his people from their sins.’
 
Luke 1: 26-35
 
 
26 In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by  God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth,
27 to a virgin betrothed to a  man named Joseph, of the House of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.
28 He went in and said to her, ‘Rejoice, you who enjoy God’s favour! The Lord is with you.’
29 She was deeply disturbed by these words and asked herself what this greeting could mean,
30 but the angel said to her, ‘Mary, do not be afraid; you have won God’s favour.
31 Look! You are to conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you must name him Jesus.
32 He  willbe great and  will be called Son of the Most High. The  Lord God will give him the  throne of his ancestor David;
33 he  will rule over the House of Jacob for ever and his reign  will have no end.’
34 Mary said to the angel, ‘But how can this come about, since I have no  Knowledge of man?’
35 The  angel answered, ‘The   Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High  will cover you with its shadow.
And so the child  will be holy and  will be called Son of God.
 
----------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
Jesus appeared as the third person of the Holy Trinity, He is the Son of God, God is his Father, and with them is the Holy Spirit;
 
 
Matthew 3: 16-17
 
16 And when  Jesus had been baptised He at once came up from the water, and suddenly the heavens opened and
 he saw the Spiritof  God descending like a  dove and coming down on him.
17 And suddenly there was a voice from heaven, ‘This is my Son, the Beloved; my favour rests on him.’
 
Matthew 28: 18-20
 
 
18 Jesus came up and spoke to them. He said, ‘All authority in  heaven and on earth has been given to me.
19 Go, therefore, make disciples of all nations; baptise them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
20 and teach them to observe all the commands I gave you. And look, I am with you always; yes, to the end of time.’
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Jesus claims to be the Son of God;
 
John 10: 30
 
 
30 The Father and I are one.
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 

 

Jesus before being born into this world, lived with God was the Word and the Son of God;
 
John 1: 1
 
1 In the beginning was the Word: the Word was with  God and the Word was God.
 
John 1: 14
 
 
14 The Word became flesh, he lived among us, and we saw his glory, the  glory that he has from the Father as only Son of the Father,
 full of  grace and truth.
 
So Jesus existed before being born into this world, and He taught  this;
 
John 3: 13
 
 
13 No one has gone up to  heaven except the one who came down from heaven, the Son of man;
 
John 6: 51
 
51 I am the living bread which has come down from heaven. Anyone who eats this bread  will live for ever;
 and the bread that I shall give is my flesh, for the  life of the world.’
 
Jesus explains His eternal existence  very clearly;
 
John 8: 58
 
58 Jesus replied: In all truth  I tell you, before  Abraham ever was, I am.
 
 
John 17: 5
 
5 Now, Father, glorify me with that gloryI had with you before ever the world existed.
 
John 17: 24
 
24 Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, so that they may always see my glory which
you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world.
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
Jesus reveals that who sees Him sees the Father;
 
John 14: 7-11
7 If you know me, you  willknow my Father too. From this moment you know him and have seen him.
8 Philip said, ‘Lord, show us the Father and then we shall be satisfied.’  Jesussaid to him,
9 ‘Have I been with you all this time, Philip, and you still do not know me? ‘Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father, so how can you say, “Show us the Father”?
10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? What I say to you I do not speak of my own accord: it is the Father, living in me, who is doing his works.
11 You must believe me when I say that I am in the Father and the Father is in me; or at least believe it on the evidence of these works.
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Jesus declares that He is  the Resurrection;
 
John 11:25
 
25 Jesus said: I am the resurrection. Anyone who believes in me, even though that  person dies,  will live.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
In the Gospel, Jesus teaches us  that in the resurrected life the  elected saints  will live in the Kingdom of God,
and they will live like angels and do not take a wife or husband;
 
Luke 20: 34-37
34 Jesus replied, ‘The  children of this world take wives and husbands,
35 but those who are judged worthy of a place in the other world and in the resurrection from the dead do not marry
36 because they can no longer die, for they are the same as the angels, and being  childenof the resurrection they are children of God.
37 And  Moses himself implies that the dead rise again, in the passage about the bush where he calls the  Lord the  God of Abraham,
 the  Godof  Isaac and the God of Jacob.
 
 
Now we see that both the  angels and the  elected saints resurrected, are children of God, they can not take a wife or husband,
they can not have sex, but they live most chaste and pure.
 
-----------------------------------------------------
 
When Jesus lived on earth was God incarnate, He did not and could not  marry, but He lived like an angel chaste and pure.
 
---------------------------------------------
Biblical quotations
 
New Jerusalem Bible
 
Christian Bible Studies
 
 

Tag inseriti dall'utente. Cliccando su uno dei tag, ti verranno proposti tutti i post del blog contenenti il tag. jesus celibate clement alexandria stromata

permalink | inviato da RAGGIO DI LUCE il 10/10/2012 alle 17:41 | Leggi i commenti e commenta questo postcommenti (0) | Versione per la stampa
letteratura
10 ottobre 2012
THE CELIBACY OF JESUS IN THE BIBLE AND CHRISTIAN TRADITION
THE CELIBACY OF JESUS IN  THE BIBLE AND CHRISTIAN TRADITION
 
 
 
 
Analysis of Martino Gerber and Guliano Lattes, biblical scholars
 
*****************************************************
 
 
JESUS IS CELIBATE ACCORDING TO THE NEW TESTAMENT
 
Jesus Christ was definitely not married, nothing in the gospels mentions his being married.

The New Testament doesn’t say that Jesus had a wife. There’s no hint of a wife in the Gospels,

the book of Acts, the writings of Paul, or any other writings of the New Testament.

Jesus was known as the “son of Joseph” (John 1:45) and, when the people in Nazareth are surprised by his teaching they exclaim:

Mark 6.3

“Is this not the carpenter Mary’s son, and brother of James and Joseph and of Judas and Simon? And his sisters, do they not live here among us?”

Jesus is with his mother, brethren, and disciples only, there’s no  a wife:

John 2: 12

12-After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days.
---------------------------------------

 

If Jesus had been married, the Bible would have told us so, or there would be some unambiguous statement to that fact.
Scripture would not be completely silent on such an important issue. The Bible mentions Jesus’ mother, adoptive father,
half-brothers, and half-sisters. There is no reference to Jesus' marriage or a wife in the Four Gospels
There is no reference to Jesus' marriage or a wife in any other early Christian writing
Other members of Jesus' family are mentioned in the Gospels (mother, father, brothers, sisters)
Wives of Jesus' disciples and his brothers are mentioned in the Gospels ( 1 Corinthians 9:5)
Why would it neglect to mention the fact that Jesus had a wife?
-------------------------------------------
 
If Jesus had been married, wouldn't Paul have mentioned it? Since Peter, the other apostles, and Jesus’ half-brothers had wives,
Paul says he could also marry if he wanted to (1 Corinthians 9:5). If Jesus had been married,
Paul would probably have named him in this list of married men before Peter and the others.
We can contrast Jesus to the rest of the apostles, Peter, and the brothers of the Lord, all of whom are said to have had wives (1 Corinthians 9:5).
This passage shows that the church was not embarrassed to reveal that its leaders were married or to suggest that they had the right to be.
The same would have been true of Jesus, if he had been married.
 
**************************************************
 
CELIBATE FOR THE KINGDOM OF GOD
 
Matthew 19:12

12-"For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from their mother’s womb: and there are some eunuchs,

 which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven’s sake. He that is able to receive it, let him receive it".

Matthew 19:12, Jesus explains here the three kinds of eunuchs. 
 Some are born without the ability to reproduce. 
 Some are emasculated by men, such as the eunuchs that attend royal women in the courtyards, or in harems. 
 And some have personally chosen to live like a eunuch so that they might focus wholeheartedly on the Kingdom of Heaven.
 Matthew 19: 12, He said the person who can accept this challenge of celibacy should accept it,
which is exactly how the Bible portrays Jesus Christ being single and celibate for the Kingdom of God.
Now if Jesus asks  to His followers to remain virgin, He virgin certainly.
 
-------------------------------------- 

So why remain single? What advantage is there to this? In 1 Corinthians 7, Paul elaborated on Jesus'
theme about 'eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom.' Paul expressed his preference that people remain single.
Paul explained that the present time of distress, by which he meant the difficulty of life until Jesus returns,
 made being single better when it came to serving the kingdom. The married person must worry about the affairs of earth:
 how to care for his wife and, by implication, his family.
The unmarried person can serve the Lord without such distraction (1 Cor. 7:27-35).
Paul, although a Jew, remained unmarried himself and taught that celibacy was better than marriage in view of the coming End Times.
 1 Corinthians 7:6-9, the Apostle Paul shares that God had gifted him with the ability to be celibate,
but if he or others ever burn with passion for a relationship with someone of the opposite sex it would be better
to get married rather living in the sin of  lust and desire.
So Jesus was single. His marital status was one dimension of his dedication to God. At least, that is how many Jews would have understood it.
As Jesus faced rejection, it was of benefit that he did not have a wife or children. These are likely some of the concerns Paul alluded to in speaking
of "worry for earthly things." Jesus had a singular focus on preaching the kingdom of God, and his choice to be single underscored that calling.
Also it is more in accord with his mission. It is obvious that without devaluing marriage, or demanding celibacy from his followers,
 the cause of the Kingdom of God (Matt 19:12), the love for God that he embodies, are above everything else.
Jesus wanted to be celibate in order to convey better that very love.
The reason  why God sent Jesus and Jesus came:
Mark 10: 45
“For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”The truth:  Jesus was God in the flesh (John 1:1, 14; 10:30), Jesus was divine and heaven nature, He was like an angel,

 
 He could not and did not want to marry.
 
************************************
 JESUS IS THE SON OF GOD

 

Jesus before being born into this world, lived with God was the Word and the Son of God;
 
John 1: 1- In the beginning was the Word: the Word was with  God and the Word was God.
John 1: 14-The Word became flesh, he lived among us, and we saw his glory, the  glory that he has from the Father as only Son of the Father,
 full of  grace and truth.
So Jesus existed before being born into this world, and He taught  this;
John 3: 13-No one has gone up to  heaven except the one who came down from heaven, the Son of man;
John 6: 51-I am the living bread which has come down from heaven. Anyone who eats this bread  will live for ever;
 and the bread that I shall give is my flesh, for the  life of the world.’
Jesus explains His eternal existence  very clearly;
John 8: 58-Jesus replied: In all truth  I tell you, before  Abraham ever was, I am.
John 17: 5 Now, Father, glorify me with that gloryI had with you before ever the world existed.
John 17: 24 Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, so that they may always see my glory which you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world.
So Jesus is God,  and being in the world  He can not get married, but He was like an angel.
 
**********************************************************************
We see that Jesus was not born from a marriage union, but  through the Holy Spirit;
Matthew 1: 20-21
20 He had made up his  mind to do this when suddenly the  angel of the  Lord appeared to him in a dream and said,
 ’Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take  Mary home as your wife, because she has conceived what is in her by the Holy Spirit.
21 She  will give birth to a son and you must name him Jesus, because he is the one who is to save his people from their sins.’
 
Luke 1: 26-35
26 -In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by  God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth,
27 -to a virgin betrothed to a  man named Joseph, of the House of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.
28 -He went in and said to her, ‘Rejoice, you who enjoy God’s favour! The Lord is with you.’
29 -She was deeply disturbed by these words and asked herself what this greeting could mean,
30 -but the angel said to her, ‘Mary, do not be afraid; you have won God’s favour.
31 -Look! You are to conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you must name him Jesus.
32-He  willbe great and  will be called Son of the Most High. The  Lord God will give him the  throne of his ancestor David;
33 -he  will rule over the House of Jacob for ever and his reign  will have no end.’
34 -Mary said to the angel, ‘But how can this come about, since I have no  Knowledge of man?’
35 -The  angel answered, ‘The   Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High  will cover you with its shadow.
And so the child  will be holy and  will be called Son of God.
Jesus was born as God incarnate, He can not marry, even if  He takes human nature, He retains His divine nature.
 
*****************************************************************************
THE KINGDOM OF GOD
 
 
In the Gospel, Jesus teaches us  that in the resurrected life the  elected saints  will live in the Kingdom of God,
and they will live like angels and do not take a wife or husband;
 
Luke 20: 34-37
34 Jesus replied, ‘The  children of this world take wives and husbands,
35 but those who are judged worthy of a place in the other world and in the resurrection from the dead do not marry
36 because they can no longer die, for they are the same as the angels, and being  childenof the resurrection they are children of God.
37 And  Moses himself implies that the dead rise again, in the passage about the bush where he calls the  Lord the  God of Abraham,
 the  Godof  Isaac and the God of Jacob
Now we see that both the  angels and the  elected saints resurrected, are children of God, they can not take a wife or husband,
they can not have sex, but they live most chaste and pure.
 
Jesus taught us to pray that is the Rhine of Heaven soon, where all the angels and the elect saints will live holy and pure.
So Jesus is God,  and being in the world  He can not get married, but He was like an angel.
Then Jesus  lived  virgin  and  He is virgin forever. Jesus also advised his followers to remain virgin for the kingdom of heaven;
 
 
****************************************************
 
THE CHURCH IS THE BRIDE OF JEUS CHRIST
 
Jesus never was married to a single, solitary woman while he live His some 33 years on this planet,
however,that does not mean that Jesus will never get married, Jesus has His bride anyway, the church.
Christ loved the Church and sacrificed himself for her!
 
 
---------------------------------------

2 Corinthians 11: 2-3 

1-Would to God ye could bear with me a little in my folly: and indeed bear with me.

2-For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband,

 that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ.

-----------------------------

Ephesians 5: 21-33
 
 
 
21 Be subject to one another out of reverence for Christ.
22 Wives should be subject to their husbands as to the Lord,
23 since, as  Christ is head of the Church and saves the whole body, so is a husband the head of his wife;
24 and as the Church is subject to Christ, so should wives be to their husbands, in everything.
25 Husbands should love their wives, just as  Christ loved the Church and sacrificed himself for her
26 to make her holy by washing her in cleansing water with a  form of words,
27 so that when he took the Church to himself she would be glorious, with no speck or wrinkle or anything like that, but holy and faultless.
28 In the same way, husbands must love their wives as they love their own bodies; for a  man to love his wife is for him to love himself.
29 A   mannever hates his own body, but he feeds it and looks after it; and that is the way  Christtreats the Church,
30 because we are parts of his Body.
31 This is why a  manleaves his father and mother and becomes attached to his wife, and the two become one flesh.
32 This  mystery has great significance, but I am applying it to  Christ and the Church.
33 To sum up: you also, each one of you, must love his wife as he loves himself; and let every wife respect her husband.
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
 

Galatians 4: 26-31

26-But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.

27-For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry,

thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.

28-Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.

29-But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.

30-Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son:

for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.

31-So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.

 
------------------------------------------------

Revelation 19: 7-9

Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.

8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.

9 And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me,

These are the true sayings of God.

 

 

Revelation 21: 1-3

And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them,

and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

 
 

Revelation 22: 17

17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come.

And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

******************************************************************************************************

 JESUS  IS NOT A RABBI

Cultures which promoted reproduction survived better than those which didn't, and in this respect ancient Judaism was no different.

Men were expected to marry and have as many children as possible, and these expectations sere written into religious codes;

men who didn't marry and have children violated important religious standards.

 Some assert that Jesus was a Jewish rabbi, and in his time Jewish men were expected to marry and bear children.
 
This was especially true of rabbis who were expected to set a good social, moral, and religious example for the rest of the community,

 and Jesus appears to have been a sort of rabbi figure. It is often suggested that because Jesus was a teacher and functioned like

a rabbi that he would have been married as well, since that was the Jewish custom. Sometimes it is noted that the apostles called him 'rabbi' .

Mark 11:21

21-And Peter calling to remembrance saith unto him, Master, behold,

the fig tree which thou cursedst is withered away.


The disciples called Jesus Rabbi, the word for teacher. But the Bible shows that Jesus was not,

and never claimed to be, an official Jewish rabbi.
A man had to graduate from rabbinical school to earn that distinguished title. According to the Bible, Jesus attended no such school.

John 7: 15-16

15-And the Jews marvelled, saying, How knoweth this man letters, having never learned?

16-Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me.

 
Furthermore, Jesus calls himself teacher (didasklos) rather than rabbi (hrabbi) :in Matthew 10:24; Luke 6:40; and John 13:14.
 
Matthew 10:24

24-The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord.

Luke 6:40

40-The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.

John 13:14

14-If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

After Jesus threw the moneychangers out of the Temple, his enemies demanded to know “‘By what authority are you doing these things?

And who gave you authority to do this?’“ (Mark 11:28). Jesus’ enemies probably would have known if he were an official rabbi, and if he were,

 they would not have questioned the source of his authority or credentials.

Jesus isn't described as  a rabbi.

Jesus was not technically a rabbi, nor did he portray himself as one. The apostles addressed him as such to say he was their teacher,

not because he held any kind of official Jewish office.

The Jews asked Jesus 'by what authority' he did certain things because he did not hold any kind of formal office within Judaism.

He did not have an official position that would have permitted him to do things like act within the temple (Mark 11:28).

 As far as the Jewish leaders were concerned, Jesus had no recognized role within Judaism.


****************************************************************

CELIBACY ACCORDING TO JEWISH TRADITION  

 

 

There are examples of Jews at the time who promoted celibacy over marriage and procreation.

Elijah and Elisha were celibate al their lives (Zohar Hadash 2:1; Midrash Mishlei 30, 105, Pirke Rabbi Eliezer 33).

When for the sake of the Torah (i.e., intense study in it), a rabbi would abstain from relations with his wife,

 it was deemed permissible, for he was then cohabiting with the Shekinah (the "Divine Presence") in the Torah

(Zohar re Gn 1:27; 13:3 and Psalm 85:14 in the Discourse of Rabbi Phineas to Rabbis Jose, Judah, and Hiya).

It is well known that the rabbis spoke concerning the obligation of all males to be married and procreated:

"He who abstains from procreation is regarded as though he had shed blood" (Rabbi Eliezer in Yebamoth 63b,

Babylonian Talmud; see also Shulkhan Aruch (Code of Jewish Law) section Evenhar-Ezer 1:1,3,4).

According to Yebamoth 62b, B.T. a man is only half a man without a wife, citing Genesis 5:2 where it is said:

"Male and female He (God) created them and blessed them, and called their name Adam (lit. "Man").

Nevertheless, "if a person cleaves to the study of the Torah (i.e., dedicates all his time to it) like Simeon ben Azzai,

his refusal to marry can be condoned" (Skulkhan Arukh EH 1:4). Rabbinic scholar Simeon ben Azzai (early second century A.D.)

 was extraordinary in his learning: "with the passing of Ben Azzai diligent scholars passed from the earth" (Sotah 9:15).

He never married and was celibate all his life so as not to be distracted from his studies, and because he considered the Torah his wife,

for who he always yearned with all his soul (Yebamoth 63b). He was an outstanding scholar (Kiddushin 20a, B.T.)

 and also renowned for his saintliness (Berakoth 57b, B.T.).

 

 

 

 

for they were able to preserve the Holy Name in "perfect purity" (Kiddushin 71a; Midash Ecclesiastes Rabbah 3:11; Yer. yoma 39a, 40a).

Those in hope of a divine revelation consequently refrained from sexual intercourse and were strict in matters of purity (Enoch 83:2; Revelation 14:2-5).

Revelation 14: 2-5

2-And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps:

3-And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.

4-These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.

Old Testament prophets such as Jeremiah were celibate. John the Baptist appears to have been celibate and  is also called Rabbi (John 3: 26).

Furthermore, some Jews of Jesus’ day thought Moses had lived as a celibate after his encounter with God on Mount Sinai.

We have no reason, then, to rule out a celibate Jesus based on a supposed universal practice of Judaism.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Jewish tradition also mentions the celibate Zenu'im (lit. "chaste ones") to whom the secret of the Name of God was entrusted,

THE ESSENES

The Essenes in particular prized celibacy because it allowed them to devote all their time and attention to serving God .

This is the group of Essenes who produced the Dead Sea Scrolls. As it turns out, according to ancient records of these Essenes,

they were predominantly single, celibate men. This is the testimony of Jewish sources from the time, such as the first-century philosopher Philo,

who indicates that "no Essene takes a wife," and the historian Josepheus, who indicates that the Essenes shunned marriage.

Philo (Apol. pro Judaeis 1X, 14-17), Josephus, (Antiq. XVIII. 21) and Hipploytus (Philosophumena IX, IV, 28a)

wrote on the celibacy of the Jewish Essenes hundreds of years before the discovery of their settlements in Qumran by the Dead Sea.

Philo Judaeus (c. 20 B.C.-50 A.D.), a Jewish philosopher, described Jewish women who were virgins who have kept their chastity not under compulsion,

 like some Greek priestesses, but of their own free will in their ardent yearning for Wisdom. "Eager to have Wisdom for their life-mate,

they have spurned the pleasures of the body and desire no mortal offspring but those immortal children which only the soul that is dear

to God can bring forth to birth" (Philo, Cont. 68; see also Philo, Abr. 100).

For "the chaste are rewarded by receiving illumination from the concealed heavenly light" (Zohar 11. 229b-230a).

Because "if the understanding is safe and unimpaired, free from the oppression of the iniquities or passions...

it will gaze clearly on all that is worthy of contemplation" (Philo, Sob. 1.5). Conversely, "the understanding

of the pleasure-loving man is blind and unable to see those things that are worth seeing...

the sight of which is wonderful to behold and desirable" (Philo, Q. Gen.IV.245).

Jesus isn't described as an Essene. Scholars today do not think that Jesus himself was an Essene.

 But he did have a strikingly similar apocalyptic worldview. That he too would have been unmarried is therefore far from surprising.

***************************************************************

 
MARY MAGDALENE IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
 
Several women named Mary are mentioned in the biblical gospels, including Jesus’ mother and Mary from Bethany (sister of Martha and Lazarus,

the woman whom Jesus praised for learning from him, Luke 10:38-42). One of these “Marys” is referred to as “Magdalene”.

Mary Magdalene, her name identified her as a Jew from the town of Magdala, near Tiberius in Galilee.

The canonical gospels mention Mary Magdalene a total of fourteen times, mostly as a name in a list.

When she is included in lists of other women, her name often appears at the beginning of the list,

or behind Mother Mary, an indication of her stature and importance.

 Mary Magdalene is first mentioned as one of the women who accompanied Jesus on his preaching mission

and helped to support him financially:

 
Luke: 8: 1-3
 And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and village, preaching and shewing the
 glad tidings of the kingdom of God: and the twelve were with him, And certain women,
 which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils,
 And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance.
 
Luke adds that seven demons had been cast out of her, presumably by Jesus (Luke 8:2).
 
Mary is mentioned by name 14 times in the New Testament (Peter over 90 times), many of which are parallel stories
in the different gospels Mary accompanied Jesus on his travels in Galilee (Mark 15:41; Luke 8:1-3).
She became his faithful follower and with other women provided for him and his entourage, out of her means,
 and provided funds out of her own pocket (along with other women). Mary was among the women who followed
Jesus to Jerusalem during the last week of his life, witnessed his crucifixion and burial (Matt 27:56, 61; Mark 15:40, 47;
Luke 23:55) She stood at the base of his cross with his mother Mary. She and some of the other women followers went to
the tomb to anoint Jesus' body with spices and found the stone rolled away and the tomb empty.
Mary is the first to discover Jesus' empty tomb and learn of his resurrection from the angel (all four gospels, plus the Gospel of Peter)
Mary Magdalene witnessed the transcendent form of Jesus and bore testimony to it.
She obeyed Jesus' commission to find the other disciples and tell them the good news. Following that,
she disappears from the New Testament.
------------------------------

Nothing in this passage suggests that there was anything unusual about Mary’s relationship with Jesus, other than the very unusual fact

that she was included among Jesus’ retinue. Jewish teachers in Jesus’ day usually didn’t teach women or include them as followers.

In his inclusive practice Jesus was virtually unique, and his relationship with Mary and her female counterparts quite counter-cultural.

This is all we know about Mary Magdalene from the biblical gospels.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

There’s also nothing whatsoever in the biblical material to suggest that Mary was Jesus’ wife, or, as some have suggested,

that he had a sexual relationship with her outside of marriage. Mary Magdalene is not singled out as someone special during

 Jesus' life or ministry, only mentioned during his lifetime at Luke 8:1-3, along with Joanna and Susanna,

Mary is called Mary of Magdalene, because she was from the town of Magdala.

However, unlike Joanna the wife of Cuza, Mary Magdalene is never referred to as the wife of Jesus.

If Jesus and Mary had been married, then we should expect that he would have entrusted her into the care

of the Beloved Disciple at the cross, just as he did with his mother (19:27). The absence of this action

strongly suggests that Jesus and Mary were not married.

John 19:26-27, and consider why Jesus was not verbally concerned about the welfare of Mary Magdalene,
 when He was telling John to take care of His mother. Also, when Mary saw the resurrected Jesus in John 20:14-17,
 she did call Him husband or darling, rather she called Him Raboni, or teacher.
 
 
 
There is no historical proof of  Jesus and  Mary Magdalene being married in the New Testament.
***************************************************************
 
JESUS IS CELIBATE FOR THE CHURCH FATHERS
 
 
In none of the writings of those who immediately followed the New Testament writers, writers such as Clement of Rome,
 Ignatius of Antioch, and Irenaeus of Lyons,  refer to Jesus as having been married, but Jesus is celibate.
 
Clement of Alexandria, The Stromata, III.6.49
 
" Further, they do not know the reason why the Lord did not marry .In the first place he had his own bride, the Church;
and in the next place he was no ordinary man that he should also be in need of some helpmeet after the flesh.
Nor was it necessary for him to beget children since he abides eternally and was born the only Son of God.
-----------------------------------------------

Tertullian, On Monogamy, 3

 
Accordingly he says more manifestly: "And every (man) who hath this hope in Him maketh himself chaste,
just as Himself withal is chaste." For elsewhere, again, (we read): "Be ye holy, just as He withal was holy "--
in the flesh, namely. For of the Spirit he would not have said (that), inasmuch as the Spirit is without any external influence
recognised as "holy," nor does He wait to be admonished to sanctity, which is His proper nature. But the flesh is taught sanctity;
and that withal, in Christ, was holy.
------------------------------------------------------------
Justin Martir
The First Apology
 
 Chapter XV
"There are some who have been made eunuchs of men, and some who were born eunuchs, and some who have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake; but all cannot receive this saying." So that all who, by human law, are twice married, are in the eye of our Master sinners, and those who look upon a woman to lust after her. For not only he who in act commits adultery is rejected by Him, but also he who desires to commit adultery: since not only our works, but also our thoughts, are open before God. And many, both men and women, who have been Christ's disciples from childhood, remain pure at the age of sixty or seventy years; and I boast that I could produce such from every race of men.
 
-------------------------------------------------------

Ignatius  to Polycarp
Chapter 5:2
 
5:2  If any one is able to abide in chastity to the
honour of the flesh of the Lord, let him so abide
without boasting.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 In none of our early Christian sources is there any reference to Jesus' marriage or to his wife.
List every ancient source we have for the historical Jesus, and in none of them is there mention of Jesus being married.

 In no place is reference made to Jesus having or having had a wife. Tradition has never spoken of Jesus’ possible marriage.
Jesus is virgin and celibate according to the christian orthodox tradition.

*****************************************************
 
Bible version used here is the King James
Christian Bible Studies
 
 
 
 
 

Tag inseriti dall'utente. Cliccando su uno dei tag, ti verranno proposti tutti i post del blog contenenti il tag. jesus celybacy bible christian tradition

permalink | inviato da RAGGIO DI LUCE il 10/10/2012 alle 17:37 | Leggi i commenti e commenta questo postcommenti (0) | Versione per la stampa
letteratura
10 ottobre 2012
THE CELIBACY OF JESUS AND THE CHRISTIAN CHASTITY
THE CELIBACY OF JESUS  AND THE CHRISTIAN CHASTITY
 
L'ICONA DI GESU' DEL SINAI
 
____________________________________
 
 
THE CELIBACY OF JESUS
 

In the early Church Fathers: Clement of Alexandria and Tertullian

----------------------------------------------------------------------

CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA

Dating: 197-220 A.D.

 

Clement of Alexandria, The Stromata, III.6.49
 
 

6,49. There are some who say outright that marriage is fornication and teach that it was introduced by the devil. They proudly say that they are imitating the Lord who neither married nor had any possession in this world, boasting that. they understand the gospel better than anyone else. The Scripture says to them: "God resists the proud but gives grace to the humble." Further, they do not know the reason why the Lord did not marry .In the first place he had his own bride, the Church; and in the next place he was no ordinary man that he should also be in need of some helpmeet after the flesh. Nor was it necessary for him to beget children since he abides eternally and was born the only Son of God.

 It is the Lord himself who says: "That which God has joined together, let no man put asunder." And again: "As it was in the days of Noah, they were marrying, and giving in marriage, building and planting, and as it was in the days of Lot, so shall be the coming of the Son of man." And to show that he is not referring to the heathen he adds: "When the Son of man is come, shall he find faith on the earth?" And again: "Woe to those who are with child and are giving suck in those days," a saying, I admit, to be understood allegorically. The reason why he did not determine "the times which the Father has appointed by his own power" was that the world might continue from generation to generation.

http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/clement-stromata-book3-english.html

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TERTULLIAN

Dating: 197-220 A.D.

Tertullian, On Monogamy, 3

 
Accordingly he says more manifestly: "And every (man) who hath this hope in Him maketh himself chaste, just as Himself withal is chaste." For elsewhere, again, (we read): "Be ye holy, just as He withal was holy "--in the flesh, namely. For of the Spirit he would not have said (that), inasmuch as the Spirit is without any external influence recognised as "holy," nor does He wait to be admonished to sanctity, which is His proper nature. But the flesh is taught sanctity; and that withal, in Christ, was holy.
 
Tertullian, On Monogamy, 5
 
But again: if the beginning passes on to the end (as Alpha to Omega), as the end passes back to the beginning (as Omega to Alpha), and thus our origin is transferred to Christ, the animal to the spiritual--inasmuch as " (that was) not first which is spiritual, but (that) which animal; then what spiritual,"--let us, in like manner (as before), see whether you owe this very (same) thing to this second origin also: whether the last Adam also meet you in the selfsame form as the first; since the last Adam (that is, Christ) was entirely unwedded, as was even the first Adam before his exile.
 

But, presenting to your weakness the gift of the example of His own flesh, the more perfect Adam--that is, Christ, more perfect on this account as well (as on others), that He was more entirely pure--stands before you, if you are willing (to copy Him), as a voluntary celibate in the flesh. If, however, you are unequal (to that perfection), He stands before you a monogamist in spirit, having one Church as His spouse, according to the figure of Adam and of Eve, which (figure) the apostle interprets of that great sacrament of Christ and the Church, (teaching that), through the spiritual, it was analogous to the carnal monogamy. You see, therefore, after what manner, renewing your origin even in Christ, you cannot trace down that (origin) without the profession of monogamy; unless, (that is), you be in flesh what He is in spirit; albeit withal, what He was in flesh, you equally ought to have been.

 

http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/tertullian31.html

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------

WHAT CHRIST HIMSELF TAUGHT:  CHASTITY

JUSTIN MARTYR

Dating: 150-160 A.D.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

And many, both men and women, who have been Christ's disciples from childhood, remain pure at the age of sixty or seventy years

 

JUSTIN MARTYR -- THE FIRST APOLOGY OF JUSTIN

CHAPTER XV -- WHAT CHRIST HIMSELF TAUGHT.

Concerning chastity, He uttered such sentiments as these: "Whosoever looketh upon a woman to lust after her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart before God."

And, "If thy right eye offend thee, cut it out; for it is better for thee to enter into the kingdom of heaven with one eye, than, having two eyes, to be cast into everlasting fire."

And, "Whosoever shall many her that is divorced from another husband, committeth adultery."

 And, "There are some who have been made eunuchs of men, and some who were born eunuchs, and some who have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake;

but all cannot receive this saying." So that all who, by human law, are twice married, are in the eye of our Master sinners, and those who look upon a woman to lust after her.

For not only he who in act commits adultery is rejected by Him, but also he who desires to commit adultery: since not only our works, but also our thoughts, are open before God.

And many, both men and women, who have been Christ's disciples from childhood, remain pure at the age of sixty or seventy years; and I boast that I could produce such from every race of men.

For what shall I say, too, of the countless multitude of those who have reformed intemperate habits, and learned these things? For Christ called not the just nor the chaste to repentance, but the ungodly,

and the licentious, and the unjust; His words being, "I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance." For the heavenly Father desires rather the repentance than the punishment of the sinner.

 And of our love to all, He taught thus: "If ye love them that love you, what new thing do ye? for even fornicators do this. But I say unto you, Pray for your enemies, and love them that hate you,

 and bless them that curse you, and pray for them that despitefully use you." And that we should communicate to the needy, and do nothing for glory, He said, "Give to him that asketh,

 and from him that would borrow turn not away; for if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what new thing do ye? even the publicans do this. Lay not up for yourselves treasure upon earth,

where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where robbers break through; but lay up for yourselves treasure in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt.

For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for it? Lay up treasure, therefore, in heaven,

 where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt." And, "Be ye kind and merciful, as your Father also is kind and merciful, and maketh His sun to rise on sinners, and the righteous,

and the wicked. Take no thought what ye shall eat, or what ye shall put on: are ye not better than the birds and the beasts? And God feedeth them. Take no thought, therefore, what ye shall eat,

or what ye shall put on; for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of these things. But seek ye the kingdom of heaven, and all these things shall be added unto you. For where his treasure is,

 there also is the mind of a man." And, "Do not these things to be seen of men; otherwise ye have no reward from your Father which is in heaven."

http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/justinmartyr-firstapology.html

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

     

     

    Ignatius of Antioch: The Duties of Husbands and Wives

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Epistle of Ignatius to Polycarp

    Dating: 105-115 A.D.

    Chapter V.-The Duties of Husbands and Wives.

A) Flee evil arts; but all the more discourse in public regarding them.29 Speak to my sisters, that they love the Lord, and be satisfied with their husbands both in the flesh and spirit. In like manner also, exhort my brethren, in the name of Jesus Christ, that they love their wives, even as the Lord the Church.30 If any one can continue in a state of purity,31 to the honour of Him who is Lord of the flesh,32 let him so remain without boasting. If he begins to boast, he is undone; and if he reckon himself greater than the bishop, he is ruined. But it becomes both men and women who marry, to form their union with the approval of the bishop, that their marriage may be according to God, and not after their own lust. Let all things be done to the honour of God.33

B) Flee evil arts; but all the more discourse in public regarding them. Speak to my sisters, that they love the Lord, and be satisfied with their husbands

both in the flesh and spirit. In like manner also, exhort my brethren, in the name of Jesus Christ, that they love their wives, even as the Lord the Church.

If any one can continue in a state of purity,34 to the honour of the flesh of the Lord, let him so remain without boasting. If he shall boast, he is undone;

and if he seeks to be more prominent35 than the bishop, he is ruined. But it becomes both men and women who marry,

to form their union with the approval of the bishop, that their marriage may be according to the Lord, and not after their own lust. Let all things be done to the honour of God.36

 

The Epistle of Ignatius to Polycarp

A) Shorter and   B) Longer Versions

-------------------------

Footnotes:

29>36

http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/anf01.toc.html

http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/ignatius-polycarp-longer.html

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

IGNATIUS to Polycarp

CHAPTER 5
5:1  Flee evil arts, or rather hold thou discourse
about these. Tell my sisters to love the Lord and to
be content with their husbands in flesh and in spirit.
In like manner also charge my brothers in the name of
Jesus Christ to love their wives, _as the Lord loved
the Church._
5:2  If any one is able to abide in chastity to the
honour of the flesh of the Lord, let him so abide
without boasting. If he boast, he is lost; and if it be
known beyond the bishop, he is polluted. It becometh
men and women too, when they marry, to unite themselves
with the consent of the bishop, that the marriage may
be after the Lord and not after concupiscence. Let all
things be done to the honour of God.

 
 Lightfoot & Harmer, 1891 translation
 

 

 

So St Ignatius relates the celibate state to Christ’s human nature, in the perspective of the incarnation which was to usher in a new era. It is consecrated «in honour of the Lord’s flesh», in the spirit of imitation and glorification of the life led by Jesus while among us.

 

Letter of Ignatius to Polycarp, V, W. R. Shoedel, ed. Koester, Ignatius of Antioch, A commentary on the Letters of St Ignatius of Antioch, Philadelphia 1985, p. 272.

 

http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cclergy/documents/rc_con_cclergy_doc_01011993_theol_en.html

 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

https://sites.google.com/site/christanitystudies/


 

 


Tag inseriti dall'utente. Cliccando su uno dei tag, ti verranno proposti tutti i post del blog contenenti il tag. jesus celibacy chastity church fathers

permalink | inviato da RAGGIO DI LUCE il 10/10/2012 alle 17:34 | Leggi i commenti e commenta questo postcommenti (0) | Versione per la stampa
letteratura
10 ottobre 2012
THE JESUS'WIFE PAPYRUS: VATICAN DECLARES IS A FAKE

THE JESUS'WIFE PAPYRUS: VATICAN DECLARES IS A FAKE

La comunità scientifica critica il papiro della moglie di Gesù

KAREN KING AND THE JESUS'WIFE PAPYRUS

Jesus Wife Papyrus

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Vatican says ancient papyrus mentioning Jesus wife fake

PanARMENIAN.Net - An ancient papyrus fragment which a Harvard scholar says contains the first recorded mention that Jesus may have had a wife is a fake, the Vatican said on Friday, Sept 28, according to Reuters.

"Substantial reasons would lead one to conclude that the papyrus is indeed a clumsy forgery," the Vatican's newspaper, L'Osservatore Romano, said in an editorial by its editor, Gian Maria Vian. "In any case, it's a fake."

Joining a highly charged academic debate over the authenticity of the text, written in ancient Egyptian Coptic, the newspaper published a lengthy analysis by expert Alberto Camplani of Rome's La Sapienza university, outlining doubts about the manuscript and urging extreme caution.

The fragment, which reads "Jesus said to them, my wife" was unveiled by Harvard Professor Karen King as a text from the 4th century at a congress of Coptic Studies in Rome last week. Her study divided the academic community, with some hailing it as a landmark discovery while others rapidly expressed their doubts.

"It's really pretty unlikely that it's authentic," University of Durham Professor Francis Watson told Reuters after he published a paper arguing the words on the fragment were a rearrangement of phrases from a well known Coptic text.

Watson, who has previously worked on identifying forged gospels, said it was likely to be an ancient blank fragment that was written over in the 20th or 21st century by a forger seeking to make money.

Watson argues the words on the fragment do not fit grammatically into a larger text.

"It's possible to get hold of an old bit of un-written on papyrus and write some new stuff on it," Watson said. "There is a market for fake antiquities throughout the Middle East ... I would guess that in this case the motivation might have been a financial one."

Manuscript experts who heard King's presentation quickly took to their blogs to express doubts, noting that the letters were clumsy, perhaps the script of someone unused to writing Coptic.

Writing from the conference, early Christian scholar Christian Askeland said specialists there were divided between two-thirds who were extremely skeptical, and one-third convinced the fragment was false.

During the conference King stressed that the fragment did not give "any evidence that Jesus was married, or not married" but that early Christians were talking about the possibility.

PanARMENIAN.Net

 

http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/news/125045/

 

 


Tag inseriti dall'utente. Cliccando su uno dei tag, ti verranno proposti tutti i post del blog contenenti il tag. jesus wife papyrus forgey vatican

permalink | inviato da RAGGIO DI LUCE il 10/10/2012 alle 17:29 | Leggi i commenti e commenta questo postcommenti (0) | Versione per la stampa
letteratura
10 ottobre 2012
JESUS ETERNAL VIRGIN IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
JESUS ETERNAL VIRGIN
 
 
 Analysis of Martino Gerber and Guliano Lattes, biblical scholars
 
**********************************************************
 
In recent times many write books and novels which insist that Jesus was married or that He could do.
The Holy Bible, however, teaches that Jesus is the Eternal Virgin.
 
********************************
 
In the Gospel, Jesus teaches us  that in the resurrected life the  elected saints  will live in the Kingdom of God,
and they will live like angels and do not take a wife or husband;
 
Luke 20: 34-37
34 Jesus replied, ‘The  children of this world take wives and husbands,
35 but those who are judged worthy of a place in the other world and in the resurrection from the dead do not marry
36 because they can no longer die, for they are the same as the angels, and being  childenof the resurrection they are children of God.
37 And  Moses himself implies that the dead rise again, in the passage about the bush where he calls the  Lord the  God of Abraham, the  Godof  Isaac and the God of Jacob
 
 
Now we see that both the  angels and the  elected saints resurrected, are children of God, they can not take a wife or husband, they can not have sex, but they live most chaste and pure.
 
**************************
 

 

Jesus before being born into this world, lived with God was the Word and the Son of God;
 
John 1: 1
 
1 In the beginning was the Word: the Word was with  God and the Word was God.
 
John 1: 14
 
 
14 The Word became flesh, he lived among us, and we saw his glory, the  glory that he has from the Father as only Son of the Father, full of  grace and truth.
 
So Jesus existed before being born into this world, and He taught  this;
 
John 3: 13
 
 
13 No one has gone up to  heaven except the one who came down from heaven, the Son of man;
 
John 6: 51
 
51 I am the living bread which has come down from heaven. Anyone who eats this bread  will live for ever;
 and the bread that I shall give is my flesh, for the  life of the world.’
 
Jesus explains His eternal existence  very clearly;
 
John 8: 58
 
58 Jesus replied: In all truth  I tell you, before  Abraham ever was, I am.
 
 
John 17: 5
 
5 Now, Father, glorify me with that gloryI had with you before ever the world existed.
 
John 17: 24
 
24 Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, so that they may always see my glory which you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world.
 
So Jesus is God,  and being in the world  He can not get married, but He was like an angel.
 
**********************************************************************
 
We see that Jesus was not born from a marriage union, but  through the Holy Spirit;
 
Matthew 1: 20-21
 
 
20 He had made up his  mind to do this when suddenly the  angel of the  Lord appeared to him in a dream and said,
 ’Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take  Mary home as your wife, because she has conceived what is in her by the Holy Spirit.
21 She  will give birth to a son and you must name him Jesus, because he is the one who is to save his people from their sins.’
 
Luke 1: 26-35
 
 
26 In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by  God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth,
27 to a virgin betrothed to a  man named Joseph, of the House of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.
28 He went in and said to her, ‘Rejoice, you who enjoy God’s favour! The Lord is with you.’
29 She was deeply disturbed by these words and asked herself what this greeting could mean,
30 but the angel said to her, ‘Mary, do not be afraid; you have won God’s favour.
31 Look! You are to conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you must name him Jesus.
32 He  willbe great and  will be called Son of the Most High. The  Lord God will give him the  throne of his ancestor David;
33 he  will rule over the House of Jacob for ever and his reign  will have no end.’
34 Mary said to the angel, ‘But how can this come about, since I have no  Knowledge of man?’
35 The  angel answered, ‘The   Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High  will cover you with its shadow.
And so the child  will be holy and  will be called Son of God.
 
 
Jesus was born as God incarnate, He can not marry, even if  He takes human nature, He retains His divine nature.
 
****************************************************************************************
 
 
John the Baptist called Jesus the Lamb of God, to show His purity and holiness;
 
John 1: 35-36
 
 
35 The next day as  John stood there again with two of his disciples,  Jesus went past,
36 and  John looked towards him and said, ‘Look, there is the lamb of God.’
 
 
************************************************************************
 
Jesus makes His divine nature  to be known  by  His Apostles, before the resurrection, in  the transfiguration;
Matthew 17: 1-5
 
1 Six days later,  Jesus took with him Peter and  James and his brother  John and led them up a high mountain by themselves.
2 There in their presence he was transfigured: his face shone like the sun and his clothes became as dazzling as light.
3 And suddenly  Moses and  Elijah appeared to them; they were talking with him.
4 Then Peter spoke to Jesus. ‘Lord,’ he said, ‘it is wonderful for us to be here; if you want me to, I will make three shelters here, one for you, one for  Moses and one for Elijah.’
5 He was still speaking when suddenly a bright cloud covered them with shadow, and suddenly from the cloud there came a voice which said, ‘This is my Son, the Beloved; he enjoys my favour. Listen to him.’
 
******************************************************************
 
Jesus appeared as the third person of the Holy Trinity, He is the Son of God, God is his Father, and with them is the Holy Spirit;
 
 
Matthew 3: 16-17
 
16 And when  Jesus had been baptised He at once came up from the water, and suddenly the heavens opened and he saw the Spiritof  God descending like a  dove and coming down on him.
17 And suddenly there was a voice from heaven, ‘This is my Son, the Beloved; my favour rests on him.’
 
Matthew 28: 18-20
 
 
18 Jesus came up and spoke to them. He said, ‘All authority in  heaven and on earth has been given to me.
19 Go, therefore, make disciples of all nations; baptise them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
20 and teach them to observe all the commands I gave you. And look, I am with you always; yes, to the end of time.’
 
So Jesus being the third person of the Holy Trinity, He can not get married.
 
***********************************************************************
 
Jesus reveals His divine qualities,  He teaches that He is the Bread that came down from heaven;
 
John 6: 51
 
51 I am the living bread which has come down from heaven.
Anyone who eats this bread  will live for ever; and the bread that I shall give is my flesh, for the l life of the world.’
 
 Jesus  explains this well at the Last Supper;
 
Matthew 26: 26-28
 
 
26 Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had said the  blessing he broke it and gave it to the disciples. ‘Take it and eat,’ he said, ‘this is my body.’
27 Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he handed it to them saying, ‘Drink from this, all of you,
28 for this is my blood, the blood of the covenant, poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
 
Now Jesus  the Bread of heaven can not get married.
 
********************************************************

 

Jesus teaches that He is the Light;
 
John  8: 12
 
 
12 When Jesusspoke to the people again, he said: I am the light of the world; anyone who follows me  will not be walking in the dark, but will have the light of life.
 
Now Jesus the divine Light can not get married.
 
************************************************************
Jesus claims to be the Son of God;
 
John 10: 30
 
 
30 The Father and I are one.
 
Jesus the Son of God can not take a wife.
 
 
**********************************************
Jesus declares that He is  the Resurrection;
 
John 11:25
 
25 Jesus said: I am the resurrection. Anyone who believes in me, even though that  person dies,  will live.
 
Jesus is the divine resurrection and  the eternal life, He can not get married.
 
 
***************************************************
 
Jesus claims to be the Way, Truth and Life:
 
John 14: 6
 
6 Jesus said: I am the Way; I am  Truth and Life. No one can come to the Father except through me.
 
 
Jesus is the divine Way, Truth and Life, He can not get married.
 
************************************************************
 
Jesus reveals that who sees Him sees the Father;
 
John 14: 7-11
7 If you know me, you  willknow my Father too. From this moment you know him and have seen him.
8 Philip said, ‘Lord, show us the Father and then we shall be satisfied.’  Jesussaid to him,
9 ‘Have I been with you all this time, Philip, and you still do not know me? ‘Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father, so how can you say, “Show us the Father”?
10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? What I say to you I do not speak of my own accord: it is the Father, living in me, who is doing his works.
11 You must believe me when I say that I am in the Father and the Father is in me; or at least believe it on the evidence of these works.
 
Jesus is God and He can not get married.
 
******************************************************************
 
Then Jesus  lived  virgin  and  He is virgin forever. Jesus also advised his followers to remain virgin for the kingdom of heaven;
 
Matthew 19: 12
 
 
12 There are eunuchs born so from their mother’s womb,
 there are eunuchs made so by human agency and there are eunuchs who have made themselves so for the sake of the kingdom of Heaven.
 Let anyone accept this who can.’
 
Now if Jesus asks  to His followers to remain virgin, He virgin certainly.
 
********************************************************************
 
Even St. Paul advises believers to virginity;
 
1 Corinthians 7: 7-8
 
 
7 I should still like everyone to be as I am myself; but everyone has his own gift from God, one this kind and the next something different.
8 To the unmarried and to widows I say: it is  good for them to stay as they are, like me.
 
1 Corinthias 7: 32-34
 
32 I should like you to have your minds free from all worry. The unmarried man gives his  mind to the Lord’s affairs and to how he can please the Lord;
33 but the man who is married gives his mind to the affairs of this world and to how he can please his wife, and he is divided in mind.
34 So, too, the unmarried woman, and the virgin, gives her mind to the Lord’s affairs and to being holy in body and spirit;
 but the married  woman gives her mind to the affairs of this world and to how she can please her husband.
 
**************************************************************************
 
St. Paul imitates Jesus, then he is unmarried;
 
1 Corinthias 11: 1
 
1 Take me as your pattern, just as I take  Christ for mine.
 
 
*************************************************
 
Jesus has  His bride anyway, the church;
 
Ephesians 5: 21-33
 
 
 
21 Be subject to one another out of reverence for Christ.
22 Wives should be subject to their husbands as to the Lord,
23 since, as  Christ is head of the Church and saves the whole body, so is a husband the head of his wife;
24 and as the Church is subject to Christ, so should wives be to their husbands, in everything.
25 Husbands should love their wives, just as  Christ loved the Church and sacrificed himself for her
26 to make her holy by washing her in cleansing water with a  form of words,
27 so that when he took the Church to himself she would be glorious, with no speck or wrinkle or anything like that, but holy and faultless.
28 In the same way, husbands must love their wives as they love their own bodies; for a  manto love his wife is for him to love himself.
29 A   mannever hates his own body, but he feeds it and looks after it; and that is the way  Christtreats the Church,
30 because we are parts of his Body.
31 This is why a  manleaves his father and mother and becomes attached to his wife, and the two become one flesh.
32 This  mystery has great significance, but I am applying it to  Christ and the Church.
33 To sum up: you also, each one of you, must love his wife as he loves himself; and let every wife respect her husband.
 
*************************************************************
Conclusion: Jesus is divine and heaven nature, He was like an angel, He could not and did not want to marry.
 
Jesus loved the virginity and advised the virginity to  those who could, for the Kingdom of Heaven.
 
 
Jesus taught us to pray that is the Rhine of Heaven soon, where all the angels and the elect saints will live holy and pure.
 
**************************************************************
Biblical quotations
 
New Jerusalem Bible
 
 
 
 
 

Tag inseriti dall'utente. Cliccando su uno dei tag, ti verranno proposti tutti i post del blog contenenti il tag. jesus eternal virgin new testament

permalink | inviato da RAGGIO DI LUCE il 10/10/2012 alle 17:26 | Leggi i commenti e commenta questo postcommenti (0) | Versione per la stampa
25 dicembre 2010
WISHING YOU A MERRY CHRISTMAS AND A HAPPY NEW YEAR


Tag inseriti dall'utente. Cliccando su uno dei tag, ti verranno proposti tutti i post del blog contenenti il tag. merry christmas happy new year

permalink | inviato da RAGGIO DI LUCE il 25/12/2010 alle 2:53 | Leggi i commenti e commenta questo postcommenti (0) | Versione per la stampa
CULTURA
25 dicembre 2010
CHRISTMAS NIGHT AND CHRISTMAS STAR

CHRISTMAS NIGHT AND CHRISTMAS STAR

 

 

 

CHRISTMAS NIGHT

LUKE : 2, 1-20

2,1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed.

2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)

3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.

4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:)

5 To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child.

6 And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered.

7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.

8 And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.

And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.

10 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.

11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.

12 And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.

13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,

14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

15 And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us.

16 And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger.

17 And when they had seen it, they made known abroad the saying which was told them concerning this child.

18 And all they that heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds.

19 But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart.

20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told unto them.

http://www.carm.org/kjv/Luke/luke_2.htm

 

*********************************************

 
THE CHRISTMAS STAR
 
MATTHEW: 2,1-12
2 1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, saying, 2 "Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? For we have seen his star in the East, and have come to worship him." 3 When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him; 4 and assembling all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Christ was to be born. 5 They told him, "In Bethlehem of Judea; for so it is written by the prophet:
6
`And you, O Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for from you shall come a ruler who will govern my people Israel.'"
7
Then Herod summoned the wise men secretly and ascertained from them what time the star appeared; 8 and he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, "Go and search diligently for the child, and when you have found him bring me word, that I too may come and worship him." 9 When they had heard the king they went their way; and lo, the star which they had seen in the East went before them, till it came to rest over the place where the child was. 10 When they saw the star, they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy; 11 and going into the house they saw the child with Mary his mother, and they fell down and worshiped him. Then, opening their treasures, they offered him gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh. 12 And being warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed to their own country by another way.
 
 
Bible:

 
 

https://sites.google.com/site/thetruechristianreligion/
 

 

Tag inseriti dall'utente. Cliccando su uno dei tag, ti verranno proposti tutti i post del blog contenenti il tag. christmas night star

permalink | inviato da RAGGIO DI LUCE il 25/12/2010 alle 2:51 | Leggi i commenti e commenta questo postcommenti (0) | Versione per la stampa
sfoglia
ottobre       

Feed RSS di questo blog Reader
Feed ATOM di questo blog Atom
Resta aggiornato con i feed.

blog letto 93362 volte